Native Trees

Common Hawthorn – Crataegus Monogyna

Common hawthorn is a deciduous tree native in the UK and across Europe. Common name: common hawthorn, hawthorn Scientific name: Crataegus monogyna Family: Rosaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: also known as the May-tree, due to its flowering period, it is the only British plant named after the month in which it blooms. What does hawthorn look like? Overview: mature trees can reach a height of 15m ...

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Large Leaved Lime – Tillia Platyphyllos

Large-leaved lime is the rarest of our native limes and is only subtly different from small-leaved lime. Common name: large-leaved lime Scientific name: Tilia platyphyllos Family: Malvaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: during the war lime blossom was used to make a soothing tea. What does large-leaved lime look like? Overview: the bark is darker than that of small-leaved lime, and smooth, developing flaky plates with age. ...

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Yew – Taxus Baccata

Yew is an evergreen conifer native to the UK, Europe and North Africa. Common name: yew Scientific name: Taxus baccata Family: Taxaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: Taxus baccata can reach 400 to 600 years of age. Ten yew trees in Britain are believed to predate the 10th century. What does yew look like? Overview: mature trees can grow to 20m. The bark is reddish-brown with purple ...

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White Willow – Salix Alba

White willow is a deciduous broadleaf tree native to the UK and Europe, through to western and central Asia. Common name: white willow Scientific name: Salix alba Family: Salicaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: the cricket bat willow is a hybrid of the white willow and crack willow. As its names suggests, it is used to make cricket bats. What does white willow look like? ...

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Osier Willow – Salix Viminalis

Common osier is a species of willow and is a deciduous broadleaf tree native to the UK, Europe and western Asia. Common name: osier, common osier, basket willow Scientific name: Salix viminalis Family: Salicaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: more than 60 different kinds of osier hybrids and cultivated varieties are grown in Britain for the basket-making industry. What does osier look like? Overview: mature trees ...

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Grey Willow – Salix Cinerea subsp Oleifolia

Grey willow is very similar to goat willow, with which it often hybridises. It is also known as common sallow. Common name: grey willow Scientific name: Salix cinerea subsp. oleifolia Family: Salicaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: grey willow and other broader-leafed species of willow (including goat willow) are sometimes referred to as ‘sallows’. Goat willow is known as ‘great sallow’ and grey willow ...

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Goat Willow – Salix Caprea

Goat willow is a deciduous broadleaf tree native to the UK, most of Europe and parts of Asia. Common name: goat willow, pussy willow Scientific name: Salix caprea Family: Salicaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: goat willow and other broader-leafed species of willow (including grey willow) are sometimes referred to as ‘sallows’. Goat willow is known as ‘great sallow’ and grey willow as ‘common sallow’. ...

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Crack Willow – Salix Fragilis

Crack willow is a deciduous broadleaf tree and one of Britain’s largest native willows. Common name: crack willow Scientific name: Salix fragilis Family: Salicaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: the crack willow is named after the sound made when its branches and twigs fall, which they often do. Because the trees often grow beside rivers, any twigs that break off are carried downstream. This helps ...

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Bay Willow – Salix Pentandra

Bay willow is a deciduous tree native to northern Europe and northern Asia. Common name: bay willow Scientific name: Salix pentandra Family: Salicaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: the leaves not only resemble those of the bay tree, but they produce a yellow gum, which smells like a bay leaf. What does bay willow look like? Overview: bay willow was named because of the similarity of ...

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Whitebeam – Sorbus Aria

Whitebeam is a broadleaf deciduous tree native to southern England, though widely planted in the north of the UK. Common name: whitebeam Scientific name: Sorbus aria Family: Rosaceae UK provenance: native Interesting fact: the berries are known as chess apples in north-west England and are edible when nearly rotten. What does whitebeam look like? Overview: compact and domed, mature trees can grow to a height of ...

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